Violence against women is social violence though practiced on individual level because the society accepts this violence and in many cases encourages it. The definition of violence differs according to the frame in which it is defined. Condemnation of any kind of violence is a basic assumption in our current research. This is applicable to and includes all kind of violence whether physical or psychological. Our position is based on the definition of violence of the United Nations that defines violence against women as ‘any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.’
This study depends on quantitative measurement of violence incidents and their impact on women’s lives. In spite of our acknowledgement of the psychological impact of violence on women, this study does not tackle psychological effect merely but handles them in connection to how they interfere with women’s productivity and participation in the society. In other words, the psychological impact is discussed implicitly in relation to women’s productivity (in the short run and long run) and how much is foregone because of exposure to violence as a female member of the society.
Have the Arab Uprisings Helped or Harmed Women’s Rights? Women and the Arab Revolutions: from equality in protests to backlash in the transition from old regimes to new governments (July 2012)
Members of the Think Tank for Arab Women examine the role of new challenges to women’s rights as a result of the Arab uprisings and shifting political landscape, including the role of political Islam and the issues of women and conflict and their exclusion from decision-making and peacemaking frameworks.
Economic, Social, Political and Psychological Implications on Jordanian Women Married to Non-Jordanians and their Families (June 2010)
This study examines the social and economic effects on affected women especially those in lower socio-economic status, considering the grave consequences of their situation on education, health care, labour rights, and general economic status, based on analyzing responses of the study sample of women who participated in focus-group discussions and in filling the research Questionnaire at various Governorates of Jordan.
The study also attempts to provide needed information on: the nationality of husbands, age distribution of fields of work, marital status of women, socio-economic status of the family.
Report on Refugee and Stateless Women across the Arab Region Stories of: The Dream of Return, the Fear of Trafficking and Discriminatory Laws
A number of international conventions provide for the protection of refugees’ rights. These include: the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its Protocol of 1967, the Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in emergency and Armed Conflicts, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which calls for international protection for refugee women and their children. The need to address the dire situation of female refugees in Arab states is prompted by the aggravated suffering which they endure, and which calls for the evocation of three fundamental rights derived from the principles of international humanitarian law: the right of refugees to return to their original homeland, the right to be compensated for their material losses and psychological trauma, and the right to have their property restored. Read more
Policy Paper: Toward an Enhanced Participation of Women in Decision-Making Positions in the Arab World
This policy paper was prepared by Karama, an initiative of women leaders from nine countries of the Middle East and North Africa committed to ending violence gainst women and girls, for the 53rd Session of the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women (CSW), held in New York, March 2-13, 2009. At this Session, the Commission evaluates progress made by governments on the implementation of the agreed conclusions “Equal participation of women and men in decision-making processes at all levels” adopted at the 50th Session of CSW.
This paper aims to:
- Provide recommendations to governments, the international community, non-governmental organizations and the private sector to accelerate women’s equal participation with men at all levels of decision-making; Read more
|Fact Sheet – Arab States.pdf||95.77 KB|
Karama prepared this Fact Sheet on women as decision-makers in the Arab World as part of its presentation at the UN’s 53rd session of the Commission on the Status of Women. For more information click here.
|Technical Report_ENG.pdf||139.69 KB|
In partnership with the Women&Society Association, Karama has produced a technical report surveying NGOs in Egypt working towards literacy, life skills and adult education for women.